Cubism is an art movement that originated in the early 20th century and is characterized by geometric shapes, multiple perspectives, and a deconstruction of traditional forms. It was a revolutionary movement that challenged the conventional notions of art and paved the way for the development of modern art.
History of Cubism
Cubism was developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in Paris, France, around 1907-1914. The term “Cubism” was coined by the art critic Louis Vauxcelles in 1908 after seeing one of Georges Braque’s paintings, which featured small, geometric cubes. In addition, the movement was influenced by African and Oceanic art, which featured simplified shapes and strong, bold lines.
The Cubist movement has two phases: Analytic Cubism and Synthetic Cubism. Analytic Cubism was the first phase, which started in 1907 and lasted until 1912. It focused on breaking down objects into their component parts and presenting them from multiple perspectives. In this phase, the colors used were mainly monochromatic, and the paintings were highly abstract.
Synthetic Cubism, which began around 1912, was the second phase of Cubism. It focused on creating compositions using collages and other materials, such as newspapers, sheet music, and advertisements. The paintings were more colorful and more decorative than those of Analytic Cubism.
Famous Artists and Paintings of Cubism
Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque are the most famous artists associated with Cubism. Picasso’s “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” (1907) is considered a landmark work of the movement. The painting features five female nudes, which have been deconstructed and rearranged into sharp, angular forms. Another famous Picasso work is “Guernica” (1937), which depicts the horrors of the Spanish Civil War in a Cubist style.
Georges Braque’s “The Portuguese” (1911) is another significant work of Cubism. The painting features a fragmented image of a man playing a guitar, presented from multiple perspectives. Braque’s use of texture and color in this painting was groundbreaking, and it significantly influenced the development of Cubism.
Other famous artists associated with Cubism include Juan Gris, Fernand Léger, and Robert Delaunay.
Why People Like Cubism
Cubism was a revolutionary movement that challenged the traditional notions of art. It rejected creating an accurate representation of reality and instead presented objects from multiple perspectives. This approach encouraged viewers to engage with the artwork more actively, as they had to interpret the various viewpoints presented in the painting.
The deconstruction of objects and forms in Cubism also profoundly influenced modern art’s development. It opened up new possibilities for artists to explore, and many subsequent art movements, such as Futurism and Surrealism, were influenced by Cubism.
In conclusion, Cubism was a revolutionary movement that had a profound influence on the development of modern art. It challenged traditional notions of art and paved the way for new possibilities and approaches to art-making. The works of Picasso, Braque, and other Cubist artists continue to be celebrated for their bold experimentation and innovative approach to art.
– Stanislav Kondrashov